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Acceptance of Colored Overlays in the Education Community

Dear Educator:

At times, there is a question as to the appropriateness of the use of colored overlays to help students cope with the symptoms of visual dyslexia. To inform educators, both administrators and teachers, as to the present use of color accommodations for instruction & assessment, See It Right has isted alphabetically by state for the 50 states and District of Columbia.

Most states offer color accommodations for instruction and assessment. For online/computer assessments, contrast/color choices are available, and for paper-based assessments, colored overlays are available. Most states require that the color accommodations be used for both instruction and assessment throughout the year, as well. At this time, the assessment systems that are used for the English Language Arts standards are as follows: Fifteen states are using Smarter Balanced assessments, eight states are using PARCC assessments and four are using Pearson assessments . The remaining states use their own tests or a combination of publishers.

Please note: The documents and/or URLs are periodically updated or changed.

The ones listed are correct as of April, 2017. You may need to check and update the data for your state periodically.


Perry, Gayle, Ed.D. State Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment in the Fifty States. See It Right. 2 April 2017.


State Source of Policy Color Overlays URL for
Accommodation
Policies
Alabama Alabama Delexia Resource
Guide
October 27, 2016 Revision
Appendix M: This link states that evidence does not
support the effectiveness of tinted lenses and tinted
filters, Pg. 30.
Dyslexia Resource Guide pdf
(Pearson)
Spring 2015 ACT Aspire
Accessibility Users Guide (Gd.
3-10)
Color overlays must be provided locally for Paper
Based tests, Pg. 10.
ACT Accessibility User's Guide pdf
Special Update to ACT Aspire
Accessibility Users Guide
The online color contrast function was added in the
special update, Pg. v, Pg. 32.
Alabama State Department website
Alaska Participation Guidelines for
Alaska Students in State
Assessment, Dec. 2015
Color contrasts and overlay color are Embedded Accessibility Tools within the test engine. They are an
accommodation requiring an IEP, 504 Plan, ELL Plan, or Transitional Plan, Pg. 14, Pg. 24..
Participation Guidelines website
Arizona AzMERIT Testing Conditions,
Tools and Accommodations
Guidance
Universal test administration conditions include: Color contrasts and color overlays, available to any
student who needs them not just to students with IEPs.
Participation Guidelines website
Arkansas (Pearson) Arkansas ACT Aspire
Accessibility User's Guide:
Summative Test Form (3-10)
It is expected and understood that students receiving
accommodations have a formal plan in place and use
the accommodation regularly. Paper Summative
Testing Presentation Supports, Color Overlays, Pg. 11.
Online Summative Testing, Color Contrast, Online
platform tool or locally color overlay, Pg. 15
ACT Accessibility User's Guide website
California Testing Matrices for CAASPP, CELDT, and PFT
(Click on the links to Matrix 1 and Matrix 2)
Matrix One: For the computer-administered CAASPP tests - Includes Smarter Balance, embedded designated supports include color contrast, Pg. 2. For paper-pencil tests, (Non-embedded ) designated supports include color contrast and color overlays, Pg. 6. Matrix 2 CELDT, CAHSEE color overlays allowed
Designated supports are available to all students when determined for use by an educator or team of educators or specified in the student's individualized education program (IEP) or Section 504 plan.
Assessment Information website
Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium: Usability, Accessibility, and Accommodations Guideline
Assessment Information: 2016.
Online Testing, Embedded - color contrast. Paper based testing, unembedded - Pg. 4, Pg. 9, Pg. 12, Pg. 23 Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium:Usability, Accessibility, and Accommodations Guidelines pdf
Colorado PARCC Testing System 2015-2016 Colorado Instructional Accommodations Manual: A Guide to the Selection and Implementation of Accommodations for Students with a Disability Presentation accommodation: color contrast (Online testing) and color overlays for paper testing listed. For consistency, the same protocol should become routine in the classroom during instruction. Must have student's Color Contrast (Background/Font Color) selected on the student's SR/PNP. (No page numbers) Colorado Dept of Education website
Connecticut Assessment Guidelines for Administering the Smarter Balanced Assessments Connecticut Mastery Test (CMT)-Science Connecticut Academic Performance Test (CAPT)-Science Connecticut Mastery Test (CMT) SKILLS CHECKLIST-Science
Connecticut Alternate Assessments (CTAA) 2015-2016
Designated Supports for the Smarter Balanced or CMT/CAPT Science assessments are those features that are available for use by any student including English Learners for whom the need has been indicated by an educator. These include supports that the student has been using during instruction and for other assessments

Color Contrast is an embedded, designated support, Pg. 23. Paper-pencil Non-Embedded Designated support, include Color Contrast and Color Overlays -See Page 24.

CSDE: Assessment Guidelines pdf
Delaware Accessibility Guidelines for the Delaware System of Student Assessments (DeSSA)
2014-2015 School Year, Smarter Balanced Assessments, DCAS
Color contrast (onscreen embedded) available to IEP, 504, ELL, Gen Ed receiving supports, Pg. 40. Color contrast and color overlays (paper-based tests) available to IEP, 504, ELL, Gen Ed receiving supports, Pg. 42. Delaware Dept of Education pdf
District of Columbia PARCC
District of Columbia Office of the State Superintendent of Education Testing Accommodations Guide Part I: Students with Disabilities 2016-17
Accommodations provided to a student must be the same for classroom instruction, classroom assessments, and state assessments. An accommodation may occasionally be provided to a general education student if they have been identified as needing accommodations on a 504 Plan. Color contrast is an approved presentation accommodation, Pg. 9. District oF Columbia Office of the State Superintendent of Education pdf
Florida Accommodations for Florida's Statewide Student Assessments 2015 The TDS platform allows all students to make choices in the global test settings for color contrast and print size. If a student with a disability must use a particular color combination or text size as an accommodation, this should be noted on the student's IEP or 504 plan, Pg. 16

Presentation Accommodations for paper base tests include Colored transparencies and overlays. Pg. 22.

Accommodations for Florida's Statewide Students Assessments pdf
Georgia Accommodations Manual:
A Guide to Selecting, Administering, and Evaluating the Use of Test Administration Accommodations for Students with Disabilities, 2016
Georgia policy mandates that any accommodation provided to a student must be the same for classroom instruction, classroom assessments, and state assessments. Accommodations must be specified in the student's IEP or IAP/504 Plan
Allowable Presentation Accommodation: Color Overlays, pg. 21.
Georgia Department of Education pdf
Hawaii Department of Education Hawaii State Dept. of Ed. Testing: Smarter Balanced Assessment
-------------
Smarter Balanced
Assessment Consortium:
Usability, Accessibility, and Accommodations Guidelines, 2016

Pearson ACT Aspire (8-10)

Available to all students - Color contrast (onscreen embedded) Pg. 4, Pg. 9. Hawaii Sate Dept of Education: Smarter Balanced Assessment website
Smarter Balanced
Assessment Consortium:
Usability, Accessibility, and Accommodations Guidelines, 2016
Non-embedded for paper-based tests - Color contrast and color overlays, Pg. 12. Smarter BalancedAssessment Consortium:Usability, Accessibility, and Accommodations Guidelines pdf

Pearson ACT Aspire (8-10)

Color contrast and color overlays, Pg. 12. ACT Aspire Hawaii website
Idaho (Idaho used Smarter Balanced in 2015. In question 2016)
Idaho Assessment System
Online Summative Test Administration Manual
Test of English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics Spring 2015
The ISAT assessments are accessible to all students and include color contrast for online testing and color overlays for paper based testing. Pg. 73. Idaho Assessment System pdf
Test Information Distribution Engine User Guide, 2016-2017 Online student test settings include color choices and color contrast, Pg. 43. Non-embedded designated color contrast and color overlays, Pg. 44. Test Information Distribution Engine pdf
Illinois PARCC ACCESSIBILITY FEATURESAND ACCOMMODATIONS MANUAL 2016 Presentation Accommodations available for all: Color contrast Color overlays, Appendix A, pg. 70

PARCC Manuals and Training website

PARCC Accessibility Features and Accomodations Manual pdf

Indiana 2016-2017
Indiana Assessment
Program Manual
Policies and Procedures for Indiana's Assessment System: Appendix C
Accessibility and Accommodations Guidance
Designated features are those features that are available for use by any student for whom the need has been indicated by an educator. Decisions should reflect those supports that the student requires and uses during instruction and for assessments.
Embedded: Built in online tools include color contrast, Pg. 5.
Color contrast and color overlays are allowed for all ELLs during the online and paper test administration, Pg. 13.

Indiana DOE:
Office of Student Assessment
pdf

Accessibility and Accommodations Guidance pdf

Iowa (In 2016-17, students will take the Iowa Assessments while the Iowa Department of Education prepares schools for the transition to the Smarter Balanced Assessments. The transition to Smarter Balanced has temporarily been put on hold.)

Iowa Core website

Planning and Implementation Guide
Version 4
Iowa AssessmentsTM
Appendix C: Accommodation and Modifications, Pg. 95. No reference to color overlays. Planning and Implementation Guide pdf
Kansas Accommodations Manual 2016-17
How to Select, Administer, and Evaluate Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment
Accommodations (available only when selected in the PNP) for students who have an IEP, 504, ELL plan or statement of student need include Color Contrast and Color Overlays, pg. 20. Accommodations Manual 2016-17 pdf
Kentucky Kentucky Performance Rating for Educational Progress 2017 Accommodations are typically specified in student-specific academic records (e.g., Individualized Education Program or 504 Plan). The student must have routinely received the accommodation throughout the year during classroom instruction., Pg. 27.

Color Overlays are not specifically mentioned as an accommodation.

Kentucky Performance Rating for Educational Progress (K-Prep) Spring 2017 pdf
Louisiana PARCC
DRC Insight Learning System: LEAP Accommodations and Accessibility Features User Guide, 2016
The Louisiana Accommodation and Accessibility features must be determined appropriate by the IEP or IAP Team and used in the classroom.

Universal features available to all students taking the LEAP assessments include contrasting colors. These features are readily available and do not require any documentation either ahead of time or during the assessment, Pg. 14, Pg. 15.

DRC Insight Online Learning System pdf
Maine Maine Educational Assessments (MEA) For Mathematics and English Language Arts/Literacy
eMPowerTMME (Grades 3-8)
Accessibility Guide 2015-16 (updated 3/3/16) Tools / Supports / Accommodations
Recommended accommodations should be consistent with accommodations already being employed in the student's instructional program. Embedded Supports require 'Team' Documentation. Color contrasts are an Embedded Accommodation Requiring IEP/504 Documentation. Personal color overlays may be placed on the computer screen if the 12 embedded Color Contrasts do not meet the student's needs, Pg. 8. Maine Educational Assessment pdf
Maryland PARCC Accessibility and Accommodations Manual 2016 For computer based testing, student's SR/PNP must have the student's Color Contrast (Background/Font Color) selected to activate this feature on the platform, Pg. 20.
Appendix A: Paper-based tests - The student may use colored overlays when taking the assessment. The color is pre-selected and should match what is currently used during instruction, Pg. 70.
PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual pdf
Massachusetts PARCC
----------
Accessibility and Accommodations Manual for the Spring 2017 MCAS Grades 3-8 Tests, Revised 3/2017.
Alternative background and font color; adjust contrast; use tinted lenses (online testing), are included in the new Universal Accessibility Features available at the discretion of the principal or designee and are available to all students in grades 3 8, while these had been available previously only to students with disabilities, Pg. 3, Pg. 28. Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System website
Michigan Smarter Balanced
M-STEP, MI-ACCESS, and WIDASupports and Accommodations Guidance Document 2017
Color contrasts and color overlays are designated supports on the computer-based tests and should be ones with which the student is already familiar with using or are used during regular instruction.

Locally approved accommodations include color overlays, pg. 1, 13.

M-Step, MI- Access and WIDA: Supports and Accommodations Guidance Document pdf

Minnesota Procedures Manual for the Minnesota Assessments 2015-2016 Color contrast and color overlays are available in online assessments and general test-taking practices for any student who needs them, including general education students. Supports are not considered accommodations and documentation of their use is not required, Pg. 85. Procedures Manual for the Minnesota Assessments 2015-16 pdf
Minnesota Manual of Accessibility Features for Students with Disabilities
2016-2017
Color contrasts and color overlays are available to all students, pg. 19, pg. 21, pg. 26. Minnesota Manual of Accessibility Features for Students with Disabilities
2016-2017
pdf
Mississippi Mississippi Testing Accommodations
Manual Revised (February 2017)
Transparent color overlays are allowable and may be used by all students on each of the statewide tests. Any accommodation utilized for the assessment of students must be used during the student's routine classroom instruction, including classroom assessment, Pg. 18. Mississippi Testing Accomodations Manual pdf
Missouri Missouri Assessment Program Grade-Level Assessments Test Administration Manual, Spring 2015. Color contrast (online) and color overlays (paper-based) are designated supports for the Grade-Level Assessments. These supports are available to students when deemed appropriate by a team of educators, pg. 16. Missouri Assessment Program:
Grade-Level Assessments
Test Administration Manual
pdf
Montana Montana Smarter Balanced Assessment Test Administration Manual (TAM)
Test of English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics
2015-2016
Color contrasts and color overlays are available locally or directly in the test platform, Pg. 60. MontCAS:
Montana Comprehensive Assessment System
pdf
Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium:
Usability, Accessibility, and Accommodations Guidelines, 2016.
Designated supports are available to students when indicated by an adult or team. Color contrast is an embedded designated support for computer based tests and color contrast and color overlays are unembedded designated supports for paper-based tests. Pg. 4, Pg. 9, Pg. 12. Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium pdf
Nebraska Nebraska State Accountability (NeSA) Approved Accommodations, 2017 Test Administration Practices that are available to all students include the Color Chooser - a tool to change the color of the background screen, including behind passages, items, directions, graphics, and formulas, Pg. 1, Item 13. Nebraska State Accountability Approved Accommodations pdf
Nevada Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium:
Usability, Accessibility, and Accommodations Guidelines, 2016-2017.
Designated supports are available to students when indicated by an adult or team. Color contrast is an embedded designated support for computer based tests and color contrast and color overlays are unembedded designated supports for paper-based tests. Pg. 4, Pg. 9, Pg. 12. Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium pdf
New Hampshire Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium: Usability, Accessibility, and Accommodations Guidelines
2016-2017.
Designated supports are available to students when indicated by an adult or team. Color contrast is an embedded designated support for computer based tests and color contrast and color overlays are unembedded designated supports for paper-based tests. Pg. 4, Pg. 9, Pg. 12. Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium pdf
New Jersey PARCC Accessibility and Accommodations Manual 2016 For computer based testing, student's SR/PNP must have the student's Color Contrast (Background/Font Color) selected to activate this feature on the platform, Pg. 20.
Appendix A: Paper-based tests - The student may use colored overlays when taking the assessment. The color is pre-selected and should match what is currently used during instruction, Pg. 70.
PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual pdf
New Mexico PARCC Accessibility and Accommodations Manual 2016 For computer based testing, student's SR/PNP must have the student's Color Contrast (Background/Font Color) selected to activate this feature on the platform, Pg. 20.
Appendix A: Paper-based tests - The student may use colored overlays when taking the assessment. The color is pre-selected and should match what is currently used during instruction, Pg. 70.
PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual pdf
New York 2017 Grades 3-8 Common Core English Language Arts and Mathematics Tests School Administrator's Manual Volume 2 Students with learning needs as documented in an Individualized Education Program (IEP) or 504 Plan may use reverse contrast or background color accommodations, embedded in the online format. Pg. A34, Pg. A36, Appendix T. These must be accommodations used in the regular classroom. NYSED Special Education, State Assessemnt Information website
North Carolina Smarter Balanced Testing Students with Disabilities, North Carolina Testing Program, 2016.
Color Contrast for online tests and color overlays for paper and pencil tests are available for all students as they access instructional or assessment content and are provided at the local level or as a part of the online testing platform. They must be used regularly as part of classroom instruction, pg. 35. Testing Students with Disabilities pdf
North Dakota Smarter Balanced North Dakota State Assessment
Test Information and Distribution Engine User Guide
2016-2017
Non-Embedded Designated Supports, color contrast and color overlays, pg.36, 37 Test Information and Distribution Engine pdf
Ohio Ohio's Accessibility Manual THIRD EDITION
JANUARY 2017
Accommodations for students with disabilities must be documented on IEPs or 504 plans.
Online testing, Designated support, Alternate on-screen background and font color are enabled, but only include six backgrounds and black/white fonts. Pg. 8
Accessibility for Ohio's State Tests website
Appendix A: Accessibility Features for Students Taking the Paper- based Ohio's State Tests
2016-2017.
Appendix A: Color overlays are a Designated Support Accessibility Feature available for all students taking the paper- based Ohio's State Tests. The color should match what the student currently uses during instruction, pg. 26 Accessibility for Ohio's State Tests website
Oklahoma Oklahoma Accommodations Guide, 2014. The IEP or Section 504 team considers the specific circumstances when color contrasts and color overlays are appropriate. They should be used during instruction as well as assessments, Pg. 14, Pg. 25, Pg. 34. Oklahoma Accommodations Guide pdf
Oregon Smarter Balanced
Oregon Accessibility Manual
Final for 2016-17 School Year, Smarter Balanced
Designated supports are available for use by any student for whom the need has been indicated by an educator. They include:
Color choices, Embedded Designated Supports for digitally delivered Smarter Balanced assessments, Pg. 13.
Color overlays are Non-embedded Designated Supports for paper-based assessments, Pg. 16
Oregon Accessibility Manual 2016 -17
Pennsylvania Accommodations Guidelines 2017, Keystone and PSSA Exams Accommodations must be selected on the basis of the individual student's needs and must be used consistently for both instruction and assessment. Color Chooser/Color Contrast; Color overlay allowable for non-IEP and IEP and EL. Allowable for online and paper-based tests.
Pg. 23, Pg. 27, Pg. 37
Department of Education
Rhode Island Fifth Edition of the PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual (August 2016) Computer-based assessment - Color Contrast approved for all students, Pg. 20, Pg. 29
Paper-based test - Color contrast, color overlays approved, Appendix A, Pg. 69.
PARCC Accessibility Features and Accommodations Manual pdf
South Carolina SC READY Spring 2016-Test Administration Manual, 2016 All students may use color overlays on the paper-based tests, Pg. 28.
All students may use a color background option in the online testing system. All students may use the color chooser, which is not considered a testing accommodation, Appendix B, Pg.1.
SC READY: South Carolina College-and-Career-Ready Assessments pdf
South Dakota Smarter Balanced
South Dakota Test Information Distribution Engine
User Guide
2016-2017
The Online Testing system includes embedded tools for color choices and contrast, Pg. 29, Pg. 33. The paper based test include non-embedded options for color overlay, Pg. 34. Test Information Distribution Engine pdf
ACCOMMODATIONS MANUAL
HOW TO SELECT, ADMINISTER, AND EVALUATE
The USE OF ACCOMMODATIONS FOR INSTRUCTION AND ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES, 2015
Resources that can be used by all students are changes in contrast, including use of a color overlay, reverse contrast, or change in background on a computer screen, Pg. 34, Pg. 44, Pg. 45. CCSSO: South Dakota DOE:
Accommodations Manual
pdf
Tennessee TCAP Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program Test Administration Manual PART ONE - TRADITIONAL , 2015-2016.
Accessibility Feature allowable for all students include color contrast and color overlay, Pg. 38. TCAP: Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program pdf
Texas Grades 3-5 and Grades 6-8 State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness
Test Administrator Manual, 2017
Color overlays and the color settings for online tests are available to any student who regularly benefits from the use of these procedures or materials during instruction, Pg. 13. STAAR Test Administration Manuals website
Utah Student Assessment of Growth and Excellence (SAGE) TIDE User Guide 2015-2016
Online testing option includes six color choices, Pg. 29, Pg. 31. Student Assessment of Growth and Excellence (SAGE) pdf
2016-2017
UTAH PARTICIPATION AND ACCOMMODATIONS POLICY
Color Adjustments and color overlays are resources available to all students who are participating in the specific assessment. The student must have access to the desired feature throughout the year during classroom instruction. Special needs plan teams are responsible to identify the resources that are required for instruction and assessment., Pg. 24, Pg. 25, Pg. 31. Utah State BOE: 2016-17 Utah Participation and Accommodations Policy pdf
Vermont Smarter Balanced
New England Common Assessment Program Accommodations Guide 2016.
Accommodations are available to all students on the basis of individual need regardless of disability status and should be consistent with the student's normal routine during instruction and assessment. Visual aids include color overlays,
Pg. 10.
New England Common Assessment Program: Accommodations Guide pdf
Accessibility Resources: 2015-16 and 2016-17 Test Administrations Designated supports are available for use by all students (including English language learners [ELLs], students with disabilities, and ELLs with disabilities) for whom the need for support(s) has been indicated by an educator or team of educators. Embedded supports are color contrast (online) and Non-embedded supports are color contrast and color overlays (paper-based tests), Pg. 3, and Pg. 4. Smarter Balanced:
Accessibility Resources
pdf
Educating Students with Visual Impairment in Vermont, 2016. Assistive technologies include colored transparencies, Pg. 9. Educating Students with Visual Impairments in Vermont pdf
Virginia Virginia Department of Education Students with Disabilities: Guidelines for Special Test Accommodations, 2015. Generally, accommodations are the same for classroom instruction, classroom assessments, and state assessments. Color overlays (for paper testing) and tinted screens (for online testing), are listed as visual aids Presentation Accommodations and are permitted, Pg. 7. Virginia DOE:
Students with Disabilities: Guidelines for Special Test Accommodations

Washington Smarter Balanced - Guidelines on Tools, Supports and Accommodations for State Assessments, 2016 Designated supports are available only to students for whom an adult or team has indicated the need for these features. Guidelines on Tools, Supports, & Accommodations pdf
Access Supports and Accommodations Guidelines for state assessments, 2013-2014
Guidelines for personnel who oversee the decisions that are made in instruction, assessments, and administration of accommodations.
While access supports are available for all students, they should be selected and used based on individual student characteristics and preferences, with input from instructional staff. Presentation access supports, Designated supports, Embedded: color contrast (online), Non-Embedded: color contrast and color overlays (paper-based),Pg. 5.

Presentation Access Supports of color contrast (online) and color overlays (paper-based) are available for all students, Pg. 12.

Access Supports and Accommodations Guidelines: For State Assessments pdf
West Virginia West Virginia Smarter Balanced
GUIDELINES FOR PARTICIPATION IN WEST VIRGINIA STATE ASSESSMENTS
2016-2017
Designated Supports Available for Students with ELL, IEP, 504 and SAT Plans available for both instruction and assessment.
Online assessment - color contrast pg. 33, color overlays for paper-based tests, Pg. 37.
Guidelines for Participation in West Virginia State Assessments
2016-17
pdf
Wisconsin Accessibility Guide Wisconsin Forward Exam
Spring 2017
Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction
Universal tools, available to all students Designated supports, pg. 2. Accessibility Guide:
Wisonsin Forward Exam
pdf
Pearson ACT Aspire (9-10)
ACT: Aspire Wisconsin website
Wyoming Wyoming Accommodations Manual for Instruction and Assessment: How to Select, Adminsister, and Evaluate Use of Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment of Students with Disabilities, January 2006. Accommodations must be selected on the basis of the individual student's needs and must be used consistently for instruction and assessment.
Accommodations are individual determinations made by the IEP team or 504 team. Presentation Accommodation include color overlays, pg. 18.
Wyoming Accommodations Manual for Instruction and Assessment pdf
Pearson ACT Aspire (9-10) Accessibility User's Guide: Summative Test Form Color contrast and color overlays are open access tools that are available to all users but must be identified in advance in the PNP. They can be activated online or provided locally, Pg. v, Pg. 6, Pg. 11, Pg. 15. Accessibility User's Guide: Summative Test Form pdf



You can download a PDF version of the State Accomodations for Instruction and Assessment here.


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